Calls for Papers

Call for Submissions
Encounters in the ‘Game-Over Era’: The Americas in Video Games
Research done in the frame of the ‘new imperial studies’ has made it clear that in the past half century our everyday relationship to and encounters with ‘empire’ and our (post)colonial heritage have changed almost entirely. On the one hand, the contemporary experience, myths, and memories of/about empires in the former colonies has opened spaces for the colonized to record the otherwise unheard or suppressed voices from the margins. On the other hand, in the so-called metropole, unprecedented geopolitical ruptures, disruptions in the colonial economic (im)balance, and new narratives of (post)coloniality and of relating to, representing, and imagining (post)colonial identity have altered the perspectives and experiences of empire and the settings in which it is re-enacted.
The special issue Encounters in the ‘Game-Over Era’: The Americas in Video Games seeks to investigate this changed everyday experience and exposure to the colonial heritage and to the state of (post)coloniality in the present imperial ‘game-over era’ in the Americas. Submissions are sought that focus on the various medial, rhetorical, literary, and historical aspects of an increasing body of video games which deal with imperialism and colonialism in the double-continent in one way or another. While interested in the encounters between the US-American Empire and the various native American nations across the continent in video games, the CfP also greatly welcomes submissions which discuss other imperial encounters in the continent as well as between the Americas and other continents including the lasting colonial imprint of the Spanish Empire in the Americas and the colonization of British North America as depicted or debated in video games. Of special interest also are theoretical discussions of video games as media and as part of larger popular narrative networks within the frame of postcolonial studies.
The special issue views videogames as media through which events, places, and people from/in the Americas have been turned by game designers into ludic matter and made sense of all over again for the post-colonial gamer to encounter. As such, questions of interest include, but are not limited to:
  • How is ‘empire’ represented in video games about the Americas and the complex, evolving entanglements it has historically spun?
  • How does relating to the (post)colonial heritage in the Americas through videogames affect/reinforce/cleanse/dismiss/renew existing imperial myths and narratives in and about the Americas?
  • How do gamers’ affinity to a colonial heritage (being a Colombian adolescent, e.g.) and the historical moment at which they play (e.g., in the aftermath of the election of Donald Trump as the US president) affect their relationship to imperialism/colonialism and to the various narratives which function as the games’ backdrop?
  • In what ways does post-colonial studies of the Americas benefit from research on video games?
  • In what ways do videogames differ from/resonate with other media such as film in depicting the (post)colonial entanglements in/of the Americas?
Following suit of the panel organized at the ENIUGH 2017 on the question of historical narratives and video games, the present CfP offers a podium to digital historians, researchers in media, cultural studies, literature, American studies, game studies, and Latin-, African- and inter-American studies, who are interested in video game cultures to discuss the potential of video games as a significant and prevalent new media, new text, and new means to narrate imperialism and to re-construct colonialism – media which remind researchers of the Americas of the necessity to reflect upon the tenacity of the (post)colonial heritage in the Americas through a new, highly popular textual field, i.e., the video game.
Please note that, in case of articles, abstracts (no longer than 300 words) should include the name, current affiliation, two-page CV, and e-mail address of the authors.
Please further note that, in case of reviews, the title should be checked with the editor prior to writing the review. Reviews should include full information on the title reviewed and could have a topic other than the book’s own title.
For inquiries about the CfP, submitting abstracts, and book review options, please contact Mahshid Mayar, the editor of the special issue, at mahshid.mayar@uni-bielefeld.de. Article abstracts, in English, and review titles should be submitted by February 28, 2017, at the latest.
Scholarly articles (not to exceed 10,000 words) and reviews (not longer than 1,000 words) should be submitted for peer review to fiar@interamerica.de by August 01, 2017 following the submission guidelines of the Journal. See: http://interamerica.de/submitting-to-fiar/submission-guidelines/.
Contact
Guest Editor: Mahshid Mayar
E-mail: fiar@interamerica.de
Phone: [49] 521-106-3641
Fax: [49] 521-106-2996
(European Standard Time)

 

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Las Leyes de Extracción  – Derechos Ambientales y Regulaciones Legales del Acceso a los Recursos Naturales en las Américas
           Las Américas, especialmente América del Sur, han sido una fuente de recursos naturales desde el tiempo colonial. En las últimas décadas, las condiciones globales y domésticas para el acceso a estos recursos han cambiado. Por un lado, nuevos actores – sobre todo China – diversifican la base global de clientes y las economías americanas han desarrollado su propia demanda de materias primas. Por el otro lado, las leyes ambientales, los derechos humanos y mécanismos participativos han establecido un nuevo marco para la extracción de recursos. La ley – internacional y nacional– tiene un rol crucial en la regulación del acceso a los recursos naturales de los bosques, la tierra, los depósitos de agua y el subsuelo. Los actores utilizan una amplia variedad de estrategías legales para asegurar sus intereses; entre ellos se encuentran como unos de los instrumentos más controvertidos TTIP, CETA y varios otros acuerdos mulitlaterales de libre comercio.
            Los distintos usos de la ley en el acceso a los recursos naturales ha estimulado unas grandes discusiones en el ambito político y académico: ¿debería ser el derecho un instrumento para proteger el ambiente o para explotarlo; para asegurar los intereses económicos o establecer un comercio justo; para imponer la explotación de recursos o defender los derechos de poblaciones locales? Los discursos se centran en las desigualdades – nuevas y antiguas – entre el Norte y el Sur; en el neo-extractivismo y gobernanza ambiental participativa; en los encuentros del derecho desde arriba y derecho desde abajo; y en conceptos de justicia ambiental.
            En este número de fiar queremos explorar las diferentes maneras en que el derecho y las leyes están usados en el contexto del acceso al ambiente y en la explotación de los recursos naturales en las Américas. Fomentamos la entrega de trabajos interdisciplinarios y un diálogo entre derecho, ciencias políticas, historia y economía. ¿De qué manera el derecho y las leyes están usados y negociados, en el contexto de temas ambientales y de extracción de recursos? ¿Quiénes utilizan las leyes y para qué? Cuáles son las estratégias legales y políticas que aplican los actores involucrados? Los artículos deberán reflexionar sobre estas cuestiones a partir de las experiencias del continente américano o a partir de la perspectiva internacional. Este número de fiar tiene como objetivo contribuir a la literatura crítica, sobre el uso y la negociación del derecho y de las leyes para la extracción de recursos. Siguiendo esta perspectiva, llamámos a la entrega de artículos que:
-  conceptualizan o exploran empíricamente los aspectos legales de la justicia ambiental;
- reflejan sobre los cambios de las condiciones legales para el acceso al ambiente y a los recursos naturales a lo largo del tiempo (por ejemplo el neo-extractivismo);
- analizan las negociaciones en las organizaciones internacionales o el contenido del contratos internacionales entre gobiernos y discuten sus impactos (tratados de libre comercio, WTO, NAFTA, etc.);
- discuten estratégias legales – internacionales o domesticas – de gobiernos, empresas y poblaciones en una situacion de ordenes sociales superpuestos – transnacionales, nacionales y locales;
-  exponen entrelazamientos interamericanos de actores, por ejemplo el rol de mineras canadienses en los Andes y el activismo transnacional (legal) en contra de ellas; o
- estudian mécanismos legales como los estudios de impacto ambiental (EIAs) o derechos participativos, como la consulta previa o el consentimiento libre, previo e informado (CLPI) de los pueblos indígenas.
          Aceptamos contribuciones de todas las disciplinas académicas. Los artículos que cruzan los límites entre las ciencias naturales y sociales están particularmente bienvenidos. Artículos en inglés, español, portugues o frances se pueden entregar hasta el 15 de abril 2017, sigiuendo los estándares de la revista. Vean: http://interamerica.de/submitting-to-fiar/submission-guidelines/
         Por favor, envien sus textos (max. 10.000 palabras) para su revisión a fiar@interamerica.de. Este número especial de fiar está editado por Riccarda Flemmer. En caso de cualquier duda, contácten por favor a ricccarda.flemmer@uni-bielefeld.de.
Por favor envíe los artículos a.
Contacto
E-mail: fiar@interamerica.de
Phone: [49] 521-106-3641
Fax: [49] 521-106-2996
(European Standard Time)
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Call for Submissions
Laws of Extraction – Environmental Rights and Legal Regulations of the Access to Natural Resources in the Americas
           The Americas and especially South America have been a source of natural resources since colonial times. In recent decades, global and domestic conditions of access have changed. On the one hand, new actors – especially China – diversify the global customer base and American economies have developed own demands for primary goods. On the other hand, environmental law, human rights and participatory mechanisms have set new frameworks for extraction resource. Law – international and national – plays a crucial role in the regulation of the access to natural resources of forests, land, water reservoirs, and subsoil. Actors use a broad variety of legal strategies to secure their interests; under the most controversial instruments are TTIP, CETA and several other multilateral free trade agreements.
        The different uses of law in the access to natural resources has stimulated major discussions in politics and academia: should law be an instrument to protect the environment or to exploit it; secure economic interests or establish fair trade; impose resource exploitation or defend the rights of local populations? Discourses center on old and new inequalities between the Global North and the Global South; on neo-extractivism and participatory environmental governance; on the encounters of law from above and law from below; or on concepts of environmental justice.
         In this issue of fiar we want to explore the different ways in which law is used in the context of the access to the environment and the exploitation of natural resources in the Americas. We explicitly encourage interdisciplinary approaches and a dialogue between legal studies, political sciences, history and economy. How is law used and negotiated in the context of environmental issues and resource extraction? Who uses law and why? What are the legal and political strategies actors do apply? Contributions should reflect on these questions drawing on experiences within the American continent or from an international perspective. Thereby the issue aims to contribute to critical literature on the uses and negotiations of law in natural resource exploitation. Following this perspective, we call for papers which:
-  conceptualize or empirically explore legal aspects of environmental justice;
-  reflect on changes of legal conditions for the access to the environment and natural resources over time (e.g. neo-extractivism);
-  analyze the negotiations in international bodies or the content of international treaties between governments and discuss their impacts (free trade agreements, WTO, NAFTA, etc.);
-  discuss international or domestic legal strategies of governments, companies and local populations in a situation of overlapping transnational, national and local social orderings;
-  illuminate interamerican entanglements of actors, e.g. the role of Canadian mining companies in the Andean countries and the transnational (legal) activism against those; or
-  study new forms of legal mechanisms like environmental impact assessments (EIAs) and participatory rights like prior consultation or free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) of indigenous peoples.
            We are open to contributions from all disciplines. Approaches that seek to cross the borders between the so-called “soft” and “hard” sciences are particularly welcome. Full articles should be submitted in English, Spanish, Portuguese or French April 15th 2017, following the submission guidelines of the Journal. See: http://interamerica.de/submitting-to-fiar/submission-guidelines/
          Please send your texts (no longer than 10 000 words) for peer review to fiar@interamerica.de. This special issue is edited by Riccarda Flemmer. If you have any questions about this issue, please contact ricccarda.flemmer@uni-bielefeld.de.
Contact
E-mail: fiar@interamerica.de
Phone: [49] 521-106-3641
Fax: [49] 521-106-2996
(European Standard Time)